DOS is an acronym which stands for Disk Operating system.
Until recently, it was the most widely used operating systems for personal computers (PC).
DOS is a set of programs that control the communications
between components of the computer and between you
and your computer.
Your computer stores data and programs in
files on the disk. Every file has a name, such as
by an optional extension like
By the use of special commands,
you instruct DOS to perform useful functions such as
displaying files on the screen, reading and writing to the disk, or
run a program (there are three executable file types in DOS, with the file
dir /p __________________________________
dir /w _________________________________
dir /ad ________________________________
What you see are a set of file and directories.
Can you tell which one are files, and which ones are directories? Files are placed in directories
for better organization.
To get into a particular directory we use the current directory (change directory) command:
(this is not the
same as the "CD" that plays music or the "cd-rom" that software comes on).
Lets say that we want to copy a file from directory c:\club.
All you do is type
cd \club and voila your are in the club directory
Ok so you are in the club directory.
Now you are going to make your own directory in which you can store files.
While in the club directory, type
However, make sure that is is not more than eight (8) characters long.
cd yourname to go into your directory.
md leroy cd leroyNow we would like you to go back to the club directory just type
cd ..and you should be in c:\club. Now let's copy a file from the club directory to your directory. Copying file is simple--just use the Copy command. Type '
copy dos.txt c:\club\leroy
DOS provides the user with help...to get help on a particular command,
just type 'command/?' eg
copy/? will give you all the help on using
the Copy command.
With this little exercise you are on your way to be an expert in DOS...just
remember though, it takes good typing practice to make you
efficient in DOS.